Play by Ear, Write by Heart: Part 12

play-button5

Play by Ear, Write by Heart: Part 12

Silence is golden

One aspect of the feeling of a piece that is often overlooked is the beauty of silence.  Some musicians fear silence, thinking that it will give the impression that a mistake was made, or that the piece is finished.  What if, after all, the audience started clapping before the song was over!  The fact that is overlooked in this, however, is that silence is as much a part of music as sound.  One of the great definitions of music is “sound and silence organized in time.”  This being the case, we need not fear silence any more than we need fear hitting a key.
The secret to the proper use of silence is timing.  A carefully designed pause may have a much greater emotional effect than a continuation without break.  A tempo, slowed to near stop, followed by a grand silence can create a wonderful effect.
In listening, as well as in writing new pieces, we can include silences with confidence, not fearing what the audience might think.  Doing so will actually do more good than you might realize.

Softness is silver

Another thing to consider when trying to put emotion into a piece is dynamics.  By dynamics I mean how loud or how soft you play.  This is at least as important to understand, if not more so, than the proper use of silence.  A common misconception regarding dynamics is that the harder you play, the more effective the music is.  This is simply not so!  The key to dynamics is to reserve the loudness (or the softness, as the case may be) for the most important parts of the piece.  Think of it this way: the softer your beginning is, the more power you have to increase the loudness of the rest of the piece – and vice versa.
This must be done in moderation, however, since the introduction of a piece is the first impression.  You don’t want people’s first reaction to the piece to be “I can’t hear it.”  Therefore, the ideal is to find a good middle ground, with plenty of space on both sides of the decimal scale to work with.  And then, don’t be afraid to use the slack you have given yourself.  On a gentle part of the piece, you may find it more effective to drop the power to almost no sound at all.  Then when the need for more power comes, don’t hold back!  Pound those keys!  You’ll find that the contrast between loud and soft will strike incredible emotional chords in your self and your audience.
Therefore, as you listen for what a piece sounds like, and feels like, be sure to notice why it feels the way it does, and what gives those emotional charges their power.

The Forbidden Tritone…

play-button4

Tritone

Okay, I’m asking for your honest opinion here.  I’m working on my next CD, and one of the chunks of music I’m considering developing into a full piece is this one.  I’ve always liked playing around with crazy chord progressions, and for many years I have wanted to come up with something that defies all the laws of music theory and has a tritone chord progression.

The tritone is traditionally the worse, most dissonant interval (set of notes) of all.  Basically, if you play a C and then an F#, that’s a tritone.  I think music theory would scream at me for even attempting a piece that actually uses the tritone interval for a chord progression.  Maybe that’s why I was so determined to find a way – and this sample is filled with tritones.

Anyway…

I want to know your HONEST opinion.  Does it work?  Is it pushing things a little too far?

If you do like it, what kinds of emotions does it invoke?  If I do use it, it will need a name.  I never choose a name lightly.

Play by Ear, Write by Heart: Part 11

Play by Ear, Write by Heart: Part 11

The Heart: the Basis of the Musical Ear

I think there is a reason that the word “ear” is encompassed in the word “heart”. When it comes to music, the heart is the key to success, and to ignore the heart is to take the spirit from the body of the music.

When I speak of the heart, I am referring to the emotions and feeling. If a piece of music is full of spectacular technique and skill, but lacks emotion, it is essentially dead. The key to learning to play a piece of music by ear is to capture the feeling of it. It has been said that whatever a musician is feeling as they play, that same emotion will be felt by all who are listening to to the piece. This being the case, in order to hear and reproduce a piece of music, it is essential that you duplicate not only the notes, but the feeling of the music.

Not only is emotion essential to playing the music right, but emotion is also key to finding the right notes. As you learn a piece, and start the cycle of playing, rewinding, and replaying a CD, notice how the music, and even the individual chords make you feel. Note the effect the chord has on you. Then, as you stop the CD and try to duplicate what you hear, continue to notice your feelings. Does the sound coming from your hands give you the same emotional response as the music on the CD, or does it change your feelings? If it changes your feelings, even slightly, then something is missing, and you’ve got to try again.

Sometimes your ears can deceive you a bit. You may have the correct right hand, but the left hand is playing the wrong chord. Perhaps your mistake still sounds good, which may give your ears the impression that you have it right. But what do your emotions say? After playing the chord on the CD, and then trying to duplicate it with your hands, if you feel even slightly different, your heart is telling you that something’s not right.

Perhaps the lowest left hand note is right, and the right hand notes are right, but are the other left hand notes correct? If your ears are hearing a 1 chord (1, 3, and 5), but your heart is hearing a 4 chord (4, 6, higher 1), then perhaps the real chord is a variation of a 4 chord, such as 1, 4, and 6. This is a common mistake, since when you play the 1 chord, it doesn’t feel right, but when you play the 4 chord, it still doesn’t sound quite right!

Strange, isn’t it, to think that your ears and your heart can argue about what you are hearing? In such a case, both may be right about what they hear, but until both are satisfied, you still don’t quite have it. Ideally, it is best to get the ear and the heart in agreement. If, however, you just can’t seem to come to an agreement, always follow the heart. It’s better to feel right but sound wrong than to sound right but feel wrong.

Practice Arrangement Series: Part 2

Practice Arrangement Series: Part 2

Here we go again.  This is my second attempt at coming up with an arrangement for “I Stand All Amazed.”  For this particular song, if you’re following the series, you will hear every attempt I’ve made at coming up with the arrangement.

Because of this, there are a lot of problems and mistakes.  I want to share them, so you can see what it takes to come up with an arrangement.  Sometimes it goes better or faster than this, but not usually.

If you want to give input, please comment and let me know your thoughts!

Play by Ear, Write by Heart: Part 10

Play by Ear, Write by Heart: Part 10

A Common Method
Understanding the principle of the triad (1, 3, 5) will help you make sense of something else that I discovered in my learning that has opened my mind to know what to listen for, and how to write beautiful piano pieces.

If I were to write a piece of music that contained only the basic chord, hit simultaneously with a melody, it would sound simple and somewhat uninteresting.  But if I were to break it up into the notes of the chord played individually, it would soften the blow of a pounded chord, and feel more gentle.  In other words, if I were to play 1, and then 3, and then 5, rather than playing all three at the same time, it would sound a bit more interesting.  With this in mind, I also noticed that most people like to separate the notes even a bit more than that.  Remember, as long as you are using the notes 1, 3, and 5, it doesn’t matter which octave and which order they are played in.  The more common, and often more interesting way people play chords in their pieces, is to play 1, 5, higher 1, and 3.  Sometimes they will even just do 1, 5, and higher 1.  Other times they will do 1, 5, higher 1, 2, 3, or perhaps something like 1, 5, higher 3, 2, 1.  Whatever the combination, if you will keep in mind that this is a more common basis for many people’s music, you will find it easier to hear what they are doing.

Timing
I don’t want to discuss timing in too much detail, but it is a very important part of learning to play the piano, and I want to discuss just one aspect of it in order to help you in learning to write music, which we’ll discuss in coming podcasts.

Nearly all music is broken up into beats, or beat patterns.  Basically, you can count off beats as you listen to a piece.  1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 4… and so on.  Most music has a pattern of either 1, 2, 3, 4, (called in music theory a 4/4 rhythm) or 1, 2, 3 (called a 3/4 beat).  Basically those are the two most common.  You can tell which pattern a piece of music is in by counting beats as you listen.  Whichever of these two beat patterns sounds like it fits better is probably the one that it is.

The reason I tell you this is so that you can know when to change chords.  On a 1, 2, 3 rhythm, the chords will usually change every 3 beats or every 6 beats, and on a 1, 2, 3, 4 rhythm, the chord will usually change after 4 or 8 beats.

So What?
In parts 6-9 of the Play by Ear, Write by Heart series, we have mostly discussed the triad.  I have done this for two reasons.  The first is to help you know what to listen for as you try to play a piece by ear.  If you can’t hear the lower notes of a piece well enough to pick them out and play them, you now know that you can experiment with the chords that fit the notes in the melody, and it likely won’t be too difficult to figure out what chord is being used.  This knowledge should save you some time and frustration in trying to find with your fingers what you’re hearing with your ears.

The second reason we have discussed so much about the triad is because in writing music, you will find that chords are the basis of all your music, and chords are made of triads.
Continue playing with chords using what you’ve learned about triads.  The piano is especially  conducive to playing with chords, because this triad pattern is so easy to recognize across the keyboard.   Play with chord progressions – meaning a structured set of chords, and try them in different orders.  Change some of their qualities from major to minor or vice versa, just to see what you come up with.  You’ll find as you do that it’s not difficult to come up with an interesting chord progression, and with an interesting chord progression, all you will need is a melody, and you will have your own original music.

Play by Ear, Write by Heart: Part 9

Play by Ear, Write by Heart: Part 9 – Chord Qualities

Chord Qualities
In the examples discussed in the last podcast, we used a 1 chord, which, to put it simply, sounds happy. We call this ‘happy’ chord a Major chord. We also briefly mentioned a 6 chord, which sounds more sad or heavy. This kind of chord is called a Minor chord. When I speak of the quality of a chord, I’m referring to whether it is a minor chord or a major chord. There are other kinds of chords besides Major and Minor, but we can discuss that another time.

You might notice that most of the seven chords we can choose from are either a major chord or a minor chord. Specifically, the 1 chord is major, the 2 chord is minor, the 3 chord is minor, the 4 chord is major, the 5 chord is major, and the 6 chord is minor. The 7 chord is the only one that is not either major or minor.

Play around with these chords. Try playing them with a simple melody, such as Old McDonald or Jingle Bells. Try making them sound normal and typical, and then try making them sound strange and mysterious. Try to keep chords consistent with the notes in the tune. It may take some practice to figure out which notes are the prominent ones, and which are just passing through to keep the melody interesting. Usually the 1st and last note in a phrase are prominent. Most of the notes played in the rhythmic beats of the phrase are also prominent. If this is sounding too complicated, just try playing around with a few tunes for a while. When you think you understand the concepts pretty well, continue on to the next section.
Tampering with Chord Qualities

While the natural state of the 1 chord is major, you actually have the power to change it to minor. If you can hear the difference between the sound of a major chord and a minor chord, you will understand to some extent why changing the quality of a chord may be useful. Music is all about feeling, and changing a major chord to a minor chord changes the feeling the music portrays.

To change a 1 chord to a minor chord, you must change the middle note of the chord. In a 1 chord, the notes are 1, 3, and 5. You must change the note 3. You must lower it. Instead of playing the 3, play the black note that is to the left of the 3 note. When you play the black note to the left of a key, you have made it flat. In music terminology, you are moving down a half-step.

The term ‘Step’ is used to describe the distance from one note to another. From note 1 to note 2 is one step. Moving from note 1 to the black note at it’s right is one half-step. The note that is one half-step above the 1 note is a sharp 1 note, or a 1 sharp. The black note that is one half-step lower than a 2 note is a flat 2 note, or a 2 flat. You’ll notice that a flat 2 and a sharp 1 are the same note. From the 3 note to the 4 note is actually a half-step also, since there is no black note between them.

Ok, back to our minor 1 chord. If you take the major 1 chord (1, 3, and 5), and lower the middle note of the chord (1, flat 3, and 5), you have turned it into a minor chord.

The same principle works in reverse. You can turn a minor chord into a major chord. The 6 chord is normally a minor chord. But if you take the middle note of the chord, and move it up one half-step, it will become major. In other words, a 6 chord is normally structured 6, higher 1, and 3. But if you raise the middle note (1, higher sharp 1, 3), you have turned it major.

This principle works on all 7 of the chords. In fact, even the 7 chord can be turned into a minor chord by doing 7, higher 2, and sharp 4, or major if you do 7, higher sharp 2, and sharp 4. Also, the black keys can be played as triads just as well as the white keys can. This is important to know, since most piano pieces you try to learn by ear are not in the key that we have been using.

The principles are the same in every key, and if you watch for them as you learn to play different pieces of music, you’ll find that they can be very useful.